HB57: Utah nécessite maintenant un mandat de recherche pour accéder aux données électroniques

HB57
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Utah now has the strongest protection of your private data, including cell phone contents, by requiring police to get a search warrant before access. Law enforcement fought HB57 but lost to the Constitutional protections of the 4th Amendment. ? TN Editor

Le gouverneur Gary Herbert a signé HB57 Mercredi, l'Utah a été désigné comme étant l'État ayant les lois les plus strictes en matière de confidentialité des données dans le pays en ce qui concerne l'application de la loi par l'accès à l'information électronique.

Le projet de loi 57 a modifié les dispositions relatives à la confidentialité des informations et des données électroniques pour Utahns. Représentant Craig Hall, R-Utah, a lancé l'addition in order to require police to get search warrants before accessing Utahns? electronic information, which up until this point has not been a necessity.

?Traditionally, we have pretty good protection with case law and statutes that protect our physical stuff if law enforcement wants to search any of our belongings such as our homes, cars, or hard drives,? Hall explained. ?If law enforcement wants to search any of those things, they have to get a warrant first.?

It?s a little vague with respect to the electronic world. Hall said the goal of HB57 “is to provide the same protections we have in the physical world and apply those to the electronic world.?

The Libertas Institute, a think-tank that seeks to create a freer Utah through legal research and lawsuits, was active in the passage of this bill. Connor Boyack, the organization?s founder, said, ?The U.S. Supreme Court recently required that our cell phone location data be protected by a warrant, which is a small step in the right direction. Utah?s new law takes that principle and puts it on steroids, applying it to all of our electronic data.?

Plus précisément, HB0057 fait ce qui suit:

  • Nécessite l'émission d'un mandat de perquisition pour obtenir certaines informations ou données électroniques.
  • Necessitates that when someone?s electronic data or information has been obtained there will be notification.
  • Déclare que les informations électroniques et les données obtenues sans mandat soient exclues de la considération dans les affaires judiciaires.
  • ?Electronic information and data? was defined as being any information or data including a sign, signal, writing, image, sound, or intelligence of any nature transmitted or stored in whole or in part by a wire, radio, electromagnetic, photoelectronic, or photo optical system. The definition includes location information, stored data, and transmitted data of an electronic device.

?In particular it protects information that is passed on to a third party,? Hall said. ?So, for example, if an individual decides to draft a document and they store it on their computer, then law enforcement would have to seek and obtain a warrant before that computer?s hard drive could be searched. But what happens if the individuals store their document with Dropbox or Google Drive? Well, in the past, law enforcement has not had the requirement to seek such information by warrant. This bill makes clear that the protections we have in the physical world are also given in the electronic world.?

Le projet de loi vise à établir une attente raisonnable en matière de vie privée pour les informations électroniques et les données qui ont été stockées dans des appareils numériques ou des serveurs.

Lire l'histoire complète ici…

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