Five Eyes Governments Ganging Up On Tech Companies To Break Encryption

Illustration: Eric Lobbecke
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Five nations are conspiring to break encryption: United States, England, Australia, New Zealand and Canada. Technocrats are data hoarders and must have access to all data, everywhere, all the time.  TN Editor

Officials from the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia and New Zealand will discuss next month plans to force tech companies to break encryption on their products.

The so-called Five Eyes nations have a long-standing agreement to gather and share intelligence from across the globe. They will meet in Canada with a focus on how to prevent “terrorists and organized criminals” from “operating with impunity ungoverned digital spaces online,” according to Australian prime minister Malcolm Turnbull.

In the most forthright call yet from a national leader to break encryption, Turnbull told Parliament: “The privacy of a terrorist can never be more important than public safety – never.”

Turnbull’s comments reflect a more vague but similar response from UK prime minister Theresa May earlier this week in which she said she was focused on “giving the police and the authorities the powers they need to keep our country safe.” And the UK authorities have already put in a legislative placeholder for breaking encryption into Blighty’s Investigatory Powers Act. Australia’s administration is rather enamored with that new UK law, and hopes to implement it Down Under.

The United States meanwhile has been having a long debate on the issue of encryption, with tech firms battling it out with law enforcement in both public and private.

It is in the United States where the issue will ultimately be decided however, since the most widely used encrypted services – ranging from Apple’s iPhone to Facebook’s WhatsApp messaging – are developed and run by US companies.

Not so much

Even the UK’s heavily criticized anti-encryption law recognizes that it may be powerless to enforce encryption breaking on products and services that come from overseas – and online that geographic boundary doesn’t exist.

The Five Eyes group is also going to have to decide how to deal with the mathematical realities of encryption. If companies are forced to insert a backdoor into their encryption products in order to make their contents accessible, there is nothing to stop a malicious third party from doing the same: you cannot wall off a vulnerability.

Security experts have called the argument put forward by law enforcement and politicians – that they want access but don’t want the bad guys to be able to do the same – “magical thinking.” The Five Eyes group needs to reach a decision on how to answer the inherent conundrum of magical thinking. Europe, which has been making its own noises about anti-encryption legislation, needs to do the same.

It is also possible of course that the vast and massively powerful spying machinery owned and run by the Five Eyes could be focused on cracking encryption. To isolate specific messages of concern and then throw all computing resources at them.


Or, a third way could be for the security services from the five nations to oblige tech companies to develop a way to undermine specific devices – ie, create a piece of software that could be sent to an individual’s phone that would allow spies direct access to the device and so enable them to bypass encryption protection.

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John Dunlap

This is why I don’t own a smart phone, and don’t keep any information I expect to remain private in electronic form (paper and pencils still work, folks – so does cultivating a good memory). I can see the writing on the wall though. I will be forced to upgrade the old flip phone soon, and a smart phone will be the only option. Same rules apply. Don’t enter any info you want kept private. There is nothing I can do about my location or my friends’ and family’s phone numbers, but I don’t have to use it to surf… Read more »

Jim Reinhart

How is this part of a legitimate government? It’s not. The five eyes are one giant enterprise that has a history of lies and deceit that goes back centuries to the Crown Corporation of the City of London 1666. US flew the East India Flag stripes with the Union Jack in 1776. It has invested in every war in the last 200+ years. Those that run the entity are masters of the Platonic noble lie. Sometimes words have two meanings indeed! Taxation without representation but the owners will take it all since the “revolutionary” war as shown by Daniel Shays’s… Read more »