By 2050, 68 percent of the total global population will live in cities, according to the United Nations. By then, the world population will be 9.7 billion and 11.2 billion by 2100.
The updated report from the United Nations states that currently, 55 percent of the world’s population lives in urban areas. That means around 2.5 billion more people will be living in cities by 2050.
India, China, and Nigeria combined will represent 35 percent of the projected urban population growth between 2018 and 2050. Cities must prepare for the population explosion, planning accordingly in anticipation to the times to come.
Over 700 cities from around the world presented their smart city projects at the Smart City Congress and Expo in Barcelona, Spain this year. It is expected that the number of cities adopting new technologies to help them become smarter is going to grow pretty fast in the next few years.
A smart city is a city where urban planning is conceived with the ultimate goal of connecting everything to each other using state-of-the-art technologies. This connectivity, which creates a vast amount of data, is then used to improve city services and infrastructure as well as improving citizens environment and quality of life.
Because smart and sustainable city urban planning affects everyone, it’s crucial that we know and understand what the technologies involved in building smart cities are and how they can help achieve the ultimate goal of urban transformation into the truly smart cities of the future.
Without a powerful network, nothing could be possible in a smart city. 5G technology powers the next level of connectivity for industries and society. Service providers are actively working on 5G technologies and how they are going to power all smart city networks. Without 5G, none of the other smart city technologies mentioned below would be possible.
Sensors are embedded in every physical device that makes up the Internet of Things ecosystem. From your smartwatch that counts your daily steps to connected cars, everything in the smart home, and traffic lights.
Most of everything you are in touch with today has sensors collecting and transmitting data to the cloud. The network of connected things, or Internet of Things (IoT) interconnects all the devices making them work together.
There is a variety of different sensors used in IoT. Here are some:
Internet of Things (IoT)
The Internet of Things (IoT) is what keeps everything in the city connected. It’s the spine of the city which allows each movement and connects each dot.
IoT offers advanced connectivity of smart devices, wearables, smart home appliances and services, medical devices, connected vehicles, smart entertainment, smart buildings, smart public mobility, smart agriculture, smart city infrastructure, and all systems and services that go beyond machine-to-machine (M2M) communication.
Everything that is a part of a smart city needs to be connected to each other so they can communicate with each other as part of a whole. The IoT provides the body of communicating devices that provides seamless communication providing smart solutions to every situation and problems.
The right way to build urban planning for smart cities requires accuracy and the analysis and use of detailed data. This is exactly the role that Geospatial or Geolocation technologies play. They provide the underlying foundation upon which every smart city solution can be built.
Geospatial technology provides location and the necessary framework for collecting and analyzing data, transforming such data in a way that facilitates software-based solutions around smart city infrastructure.