Pope Francis said on Friday that carbon pricing is “essential” to stem global warming – his clearest statement yet in support of penalising polluters – and appealed to climate change deniers to listen to science.
In an address to energy executives at the end of a two-day meeting, he also called for “open, transparent, science-based and standardised” reporting of climate risk and a “radical energy transition” away from carbon to save the planet.
De nombreux gouvernements utilisent la tarification du carbone, via des taxes ou des systèmes d'échange de droits d'émission, pour faire supporter aux consommateurs d'énergie les coûts liés à l'utilisation des combustibles fossiles qui contribuent au réchauffement de la planète et pour stimuler les investissements dans les technologies à faible émission de carbone.
Le Vatican a déclaré que les participants à la réunion à huis clos de son Académie des sciences, qui faisait suite à celle d’il ya un an, comprenaient les PDG de Royal Dutch Shell, Eni, BP, Repsol, Conoco Phillips, Chevron, ExxonMobil et les dirigeants de fonds d'investissement.
“Collectively, these leaders will influence the planet’s future, perhaps more than any in the world,” said Father John Jenkins, president of the U.S. University of Notre Dame, which organised the meeting.
A small group of demonstrators gathered outside a Vatican gate. One held a sign reading “Dear Oil CEOs – Think of Your Children”.
Francis, who has made many calls for environmental protection and has clashed over climate change with leaders such as U.S. President Donald Trump, said the ecological crisis “threatens the very future of the human family”.
Il a critiqué ceux qui, comme Trump, doutent de la science qui montre que l'activité humaine provoque le réchauffement de la Terre.
“For too long we have collectively failed to listen to the fruits of scientific analysis, and doomsday predictions can no longer be met with irony or disdain,” Francis said. Discussion of climate change and energy transition must be rooted in “the best scientific research available today”.
Trump, asked in an interview if he accepted climate science, said last week: “I believe there’s a change in weather, and I think it changes both ways.”
Il a annoncé que les États-Unis se retireraient de l'accord de Paris, un accord mondial de 2016 visant à lutter contre le changement climatique.
Francis, who wrote an encyclical – a significant document on Church teaching – in 2015 on protection of the environment, and strongly supports the Paris accord, said time was running out to meet its goals.
“Faced with a climate emergency, we must take action accordingly, in order to avoid perpetrating a brutal act of injustice towards the poor and future generations,” he said.
“We do not have the luxury of waiting for others to step forward, or of prioritising short-term economic benefits.”