Cities Are Adopting Real-Time Facial Surveillance Systems

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Because there is no Federal legislation preventing its use, cities are gobbling up China-style facial recognition systems. Individual cities can easily block this surveillance technology, but citizens are sound asleep and completely oblivious to the destruction of their own civil liberties. ‚ĀÉ TN Editor

Civil Liberties Activists trying to inspire alarm about the authoritarian potential of facial recognition technology often point to China, where some police departments use systems that can spot suspects who show their faces in public. A report from Georgetown researchers on Thursday suggests Americans should also focus their concern closer to home.

The report says agencies in Chicago and Detroit have bought real-time facial recognition systems. Chicago claims it has not used its system; Detroit says it is not using its system currently. But no federal or state law would prevent use of the technology.

According to contracts obtained by the Georgetown researchers, the two cities purchased software from a South Carolina company, DataWorks Plus, that equips police with the ability to identify faces from surveillance footage in real time. A description on the company‚Äôs website says the technology, called FaceWatch Plus, ‚Äúprovides continuous screening and monitoring of live video streams.‚ÄĚ DataWorks confirmed the existence of the systems, but did not elaborate further.

Facial recognition has long been used on static images to identify arrested suspects and detect driver’s license fraud, among other things. But using the technology with real-time video is less common. It has become practical only through recent advances in AI and computer vision, although it remains significantly less accurate than facial recognition under controlled circumstances.

Privacy advocates say ongoing use of the technology in this way would redefine the traditional anonymity of public spaces. ‚ÄúHistorically we haven‚Äôt had to regulate privacy in public because it‚Äôs been too expensive for any entity to track our whereabouts,‚ÄĚ says Evan Selinger, a professor at the Rochester Institute of Technology. ‚ÄúThis is a game changer.‚ÄĚ

According to the report, Detroit first purchased a facial recognition system capable of real-time analysis in July 2017 as part of a three-year contract related to an unusual community policing program called Project Greenlight. To deter late-night crime, gas stations and other businesses hooked up cameras that fed live surveillance footage to police department analysts. The program expanded over the years to stream footage to police from more than 500 locations, including churches and reproductive health clinics.

Documents unearthed by Georgetown show that real time facial recognition was supposed to help automate elements of Project Greenlight. In a letter to the Georgetown researchers provided by the department to WIRED, police chief James Craig said officers were not using the technology’s real-time capabilities, limiting the use of facial recognition thus far to still images of suspects. The department did not say whether it used real-time facial recognition in the past.

Chicago‚Äôs adoption of FaceWatch Plus goes back to at least 2016, the report says. According to a description of the program‚ÄĒfound in DataWorks Plus‚Äô pitch to Detroit‚ÄĒthe ‚Äúproject objective‚ÄĚ involved tapping into Chicago‚Äôs 20,000 street and transit cameras. Chicago police told the researchers the system was never turned on. (The department did not respond to additional questions from WIRED.) Illinois is one of only three states with biometric-identify laws that require consent from people before companies collect biometric markers, like fingerprints and face data. But public agencies are exempted.

Georgetown’s findings show how the lack of federal rules on facial recognition may create a patchwork of surveillance regimes inside the US. San Francisco supervisors voted to ban city use of facial recognitionon Tuesday. In Chicago and Detroit, citizens in public are watched by cameras that could be connected to software checking every face passing by. Police in Orlando and New York City are testing similar technology in pilot projects.

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Chris Allen

The main theme of Minority Report is the classic philosophical debate of free will versus determinism. Other themes explored by the film include involuntary commitment, the nature of political and legal systems in a high technology-advanced society,[56] the rights of privacy in a media-dominated world,[30] and the nature of self-perception. Another similar high tech movie, Eagle Eye shows the connectivity of any & all devices used to find people in a Police State. Amazon Sidewalk and 5G will make this all the more possible along with AI and facial recognition software. Dissidents to the new System can be collected and… Read more »